DEFINITION OF CONFER
To confer means to speak directly with opposing counsel or a self-represented litigant in person or by telephone, to identify and discuss disputed issues and to make a reasonable effort to resolve the disputed issues. The sending of an electronic or voice-mail communication does not satisfy the requirement to “confer.”
In cases involving pro se prisoners, written communication satisfies the confer requirement.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(f), 37(a)(1)
Advisory Committee Notes
This rule does not prevent or prohibit the use of written communication to resolve disputes. However, if disputes are not resolved via written communication, counsel or self-represented litigants (except pro se prisoners) must attempt to confer in person or by telephone prior to a motion to compel being filed.
Counsel or self-represented litigants have a duty to respond within a reasonable amount of time to a request to confer and to be reasonably available to confer.